Kara śmierci w Stanach Zjednoczonych/en

Z Henryk Dąbrowski
Skocz do: nawigacja, szukaj
08.01.2016




The death penalty is legal in 32 states and illegal in 18 states.




Capital punishment in the United States



States with the death penalty are marked in green, states where the death penalty has been abolished are marked in red. Note that entered in the last row of the table District of Columbia is not a state. Column 3 of the table gives a year of abolition of the death penalty[1] or a year of the death penalty reinstatement (after the judgment of the Supreme Court on Furman v. Georgia from 29 June 1972). Column 4 gives a number of executions since 1977[2]. Column 5 gives a date of the last execution[3]. In the last column of the table have been included reference to known links for fixed U.S. state:

Wiki – link to Wikipedia page about history of the death penalty in fixed U.S. state
Exec – link to official data about executions and/or the death penalty in fixed U.S. state
Inmates – link to state search engine of inmates
SOS – (Sex Offender Search) link to state search engine of sex offenders


State Death penalty Ex The last execution Remarks
1 Alabama (AL) 1976 56 2013.07.25 Wiki, Exec, Inmates, SOS
2 Alaska (AK) 1957 - 1950.04.14 SOS
3 Arizona (AZ) 1973 37 2014.07.23 Wiki, Exec, Inmates, SOS
4 Arkansas (AR) 1973 27 2005.11.29 Wiki, Exec, Inmates, SOS
5 California (CA) 1974 13 2006.01.17 Wiki, Exec, Inmates
6 Colorado (CO) 1975 1 1997.10.13 Wiki, Inmates
7 Connecticut (CT) 2015 1 2005.05.13 Wiki, SOS
8 Delaware (DE) 1974 16 2012.04.20 Wiki, Exec
9 Florida (FL) 1972 91 2015.10.29 Wiki, Exec, Inmates
10 Georgia (GA) 1973 60 2015.12.09 Wiki, Inmates
11 Hawaii (HI) 1957 -
12 Idaho (ID) 1973 3 2012.06.12 Wiki, Exec
13 Illinois (IL) 2011 12 1999.03.17 Wiki, Inmates
14 Indiana (IN) 1973 20 2009.12.11 Wiki, Exec
15 Iowa (IA) 1965 - 1962.09.06 Inmates
16 Kansas (KS) 1994 - 1965.06.22 Wiki, Exec, Inmates
17 Kentucky (KY) 1975 3 2008.11.21 Wiki, Inmates
18 Louisiana (LA) 1973 28 2010.01.07 Wiki
19 Maine (ME) 1887 - 1885.11.21 Wiki
20 Maryland (MD) 2013 5 2005.12.06 Wiki, Inmates
21 Massachusetts (MA) 1984 - 1947.05.09 Wiki, Inmates
22 Michigan (MI) 1846 - 1830.09.24 Wiki, Inmates
23 Minnesota (MN) 1911 - 1906.02.13 Inmates
24 Mississippi (MS) 1974 21 2012.06.20 Wiki, Exec, Inmates
25 Missouri (MO) 1975 86 2015.09.01 Wiki, Inmates
26 Montana (MT) 1974 3 2006.08.11 Wiki, Inmates
27 Nebraska (NE) 1973 3 1997.12.02 Wiki
28 Nevada (NV) 1973 12 2006.04.26 Wiki, Exec, Inmates
29 New Hampshire (NH) 1991 - 1939.07.14 Wiki, Inmates
30 New Jersey (NJ) 2007 - 1963.01.22 Wiki, Inmates
31 New Mexico (NM) 2009 1 2001.11.06 Wiki, Inmates
32 New York (NY) 2007 - 1963.08.15 Wiki, Inmates
33 North Carolina (NC) 1977 43 2006.08.18 Wiki, Exec, Inmates
34 North Dakota (ND) 1973 - 1905.10.17 Wiki
35 Ohio (OH) 1974 53 2014.01.16 Wiki, Exec
36 Oklahoma (OK) 1973 112 2015.01.15 Wiki, Inmates
37 Oregon (OR) 1978 2 1997.05.16 Wiki, Inmates
38 Pennsylvania (PA) 1974 3 1999.07.06 Wiki, Inmates
39 Rhode Island (RI) 1984 - 1845.02.14 Wiki, Inmates
40 South Carolina (SC) 1974 43 2011.05.06 Wiki, Exec
41 South Dakota (SD) 1979 3 2012.10.30 Wiki, Exec, Inmates, SOS
42 Tennessee (TN) 1974 6 2009.12.02 Wiki, Exec, Inmates
43 Texas (TX) 1974 531 2015.11.18 Wiki, Exec, Inmates
44 Utah (UT) 1973 7 2010.06.17 Wiki, Inmates, SOS
45 Vermont (VT) 1964 - 1954.12.08 Wiki, Inmates
46 Virginia (VA) 1978 111 2015.10.01 Wiki, Exec, Inmates
47 Washington (WA) 1975 5 2010.09.10 Wiki, Exec, Inmates
48 West Virginia (WV) 1965 - 1959.04.03 Wiki, Inmates
49 Wisconsin (WI) 1853 - 1851.08.21 Wiki, Inmates
50 Wyoming (WY) 1977 1 1992.01.22 Wiki
51 District of Columbia 1981 - 1957.04.26 Wiki


We find that

  • in 32 states out of 50 death penalty is legal
  • in 18 states out of 50 death penalty is abolished
  • death penalty is illegal in the District of Columbia (capital of the United States)


1422 murderers were executed in U.S. states from 1977 to the end of 2015. The reader should note that at the same time more than 720 000 people were murdered in the United States. It follows that during the considered period the average value of response rate Rhe[4] was greater than 500.






References

  1. Wikipedia, Capital punishment in the United States, (LINK)
  2. Wikipedia, Capital punishment resumed (1976), (LINK)
  3. Wikipedia, List of most recent executions by jurisdiction, (LINK)
  4. Henryk Dąbrowski, Kara śmierci: topór kontra karabin maszynowy (USA), (LINK)






Other links

National Sex Offender Public Website, (LINK)

National Sex Offender Public Website, National Sex Offender Search, (LINK)


Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS), (LINK)

BJS, Capital Punishment, (LINK)

BJS, Publications & Products: Capital Punishment, (LINK)

BJS, Tracy L. Snell, Prisoners executed under civil authority in the United States, by year, region, and jurisdiction, 1977-2014, (LINK)

BJS, Tracy L. Snell, Capital Punishment, 2010 – Statistical Tables, (LINK)

BJS, Alexia Cooper and Erica L. Smith, Homicide Trends in the United States, 1980-2008, (LINK)

BJS, Erica L. Smith and Alexia Cooper, Homicide in the U.S. Known to Law Enforcement, 2011, (LINK)


Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), (LINK)

FBI, Crime in the U.S. 2013 – Expanded Homicide Data, (LINK)


Death Penalty Information Center (DPIC), (LINK)

DPIC, State Information, (LINK)

DPIC, Number of Executions by State and Region Since 1976, (LINK)

DPIC, Searchable Execution Database, (LINK)


Unite States Inmate Locator, (LINK)

Inmate Locator, (LINK)


Wikipedia, List of United States state correction agencies, (LINK)